Infertility Specialists


OB/GYN located in Houston, TX

About 10% of women in the U.S. have difficulty becoming pregnant, according to statistics from the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services. Infertility problems can be caused by many factors, and understanding the underlying cause is essential for improving the chances of conception. At OBGYN Care in Houston, Texas, Dr. Sharon Smith and her associates are skilled in infertility diagnosis and treatments aimed at helping women significantly improve their odds of becoming pregnant. OBGYN Care offers a broad range of options to address both simple and complex fertility problems.

Infertility Q & A

If I have stopped using birth control and I have not gotten pregnant, does that mean I am infertile?

Not necessarily. A woman is officialy said to be infertile if she has been trying to become pregnant for 12 consecutive months without success. For women over 35, that number lowers to 6 consecutive months. Sometimes, issues like chronic or acute stress or illness can interfere with a woman’s ability to become pregnant, so just trying for a few or even several months without success doesn’t necessarily indicate infertility.

What are the main causes of infertility in women?

Several factors can cause or contribute to infertility in women, including:

  • Pelvic inflammatory disease
  • Problems with the ovulation cycle
  • Problems with the structure or function of the uterus, ovaries or fallopian tubes
  • Polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS)
  • Older age
  • Large fibroids, cysts, or adhesions (scar tissue)
  • Endometriosis, a condition where the uterine lining tissue grows outside the uterus
  • Heavy mucus production in the cervix, making it difficult for sperm to enter the uterus
  • Some medical treatments like chemotherapy or radiation
  • Some chronic health conditions or genetic issues

For men, the most common issues have to do with the number, quality, or motility of the sperm, or issues affecting erection or ejaculation.

How is infertility diagnosed in women?

Diagnosing infertility begins with a review of the patient’s symptoms, medical history, and lifestyle, followed by urinalysis, blood tests, and a pelvic exam. Other diagnostic evaluations usually also will be performed, including:

  • Pelvic or transvaginal ultrasound imaging
  • CT scan
  • Colposcopy
  • Hysteroscopy: Use of a minimally-invasive flexible scope to see inside the uterus

The types of evaluation performed will be based on the patient’s specific symptoms, her medical history, the results of lab work, and other factors.

How is infertility treated?

For women diagnosed with an infertility issue, there are several approaches available to improve her chances of conception.

Many women benefit from the use of hormones or fertility drugs aimed at promoting and regulating the ovulation cycle, stimulating the release of eggs on a regular cycle to increase the chances of conception.

Other medications help correct high levels of testosterone that may be present in women with PCOS or insulin resistance.

If fertility drugs are ineffective or not appropriate for the underlying cause of infertility, other treatment options like in vitro fertilization (IVF) or intrauterine insemination (IUI) may be recommended.

Dr. Smith customizes each treatment plan to achieve optimal results based on each woman’s individual needs.

Major Insurance Plans Accepted

At OBGYN Care, we accept most major insurance plans. Here is a short-list of just some of the most popular plans we accept. We do not accept insurance for cosmetic procedures. Please contact our office if you do not see your insurance provider listed.

Contact us!

Blue Cross Blue Shield
Community Health Choice
Molina Healthcare
United Healthcare